What is an example of synecdoche on page 63 or 64 of Lord of the Flies?
Synecdoche is a literary device in which a part of something is used to represent (or indicate) the whole. Synecdoche works on the reverse, as well. It can be used in such a way that the whole represents the part. An example would be a car being referred to as "wheels."
William Golding's novel The Lord of the Flies was first published in 1954. It didn't sell many copies and went out of print in 1955. After it's lackluster beginnings, the novel has never again gone out of print; this means that there are many editions of the novel circulating today. I will give you a couple of examples of synecdoche from the novel, along with chapter references, as it is likely that the edition I am working from is different than the one you are working from, and therefore page numbers may not align.
One example of synecdoche comes early on in the novel, in chapter one. When the overweight boy is referred to as Piggy, this represents only a part of him—his physical size.
Ralph did not take the hint so the fat boy was forced to continue. "I don't care what they call me," he said confidentially, "so long as they don't call me what they used to call me at school." Ralph was faintly interested. "What was that?" The fat boy glanced over his shoulder, then leaned toward Ralph. He whispered. "They used to call me 'Piggy.'" Ralph shrieked with laughter. He jumped up. "Piggy! Piggy!" "Ralph—please!"
In chapter 4, entitled "Painted Faces and Long Hair," Jack makes a mask and wears it to become something other than he had been.
He spilt the water and leapt to his feet, laughing excitedly. Beside the pool his sinewy body held up a mask that drew their eyes and appalled them. He began to dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling. He capered toward Bill, and the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness. The face of red and white and black swung through the air and jigged toward Bill. Bill started up laughing; then suddenly he fell silent and blundered away through the bushes. Jack rushed toward the twins. 'The rest are making a line. Come on!" "But—" "—we—" "Come on! I'll creep up and stab—" The mask compelled them.
Jack is referred to as the mask and that is an example of synecdoche.
A synecdoche is a figurative substitution of a part of something for the whole. For example, if one refers to a woman as "the blonde walking into the room," he means the entire woman but refers to her by only a part of her. From an analytical perspective, synecdoche often demonstrates directly or indirectly one's identity--a person's view of himself or someone else's view of him or her. This is true of the synecdoche in Lord of the Flies.
In Chapter 4 (where pages 63 and 64 fall) of the novel, Jack furthers his role as a predator by creating a mask for himself. As he makes it, his obsession blocks out those around him, and the mask swallows up his identity, liberating Jack from "shame and self-consciousness" (Golding 64). Jack uses the mask to frighten some of the other boys, and they begin to see only the mask and not Jack. In fact, the mask section closes with the statement,
"The mask compelled them" (64),
demonstrating that a part (the mask) has actually taken over the whole (Jack). It not only changes how Jack views himself, but it also begins to change the boys' view of Jack.
A synecdoche is a type of figurative language that substitutes a part of something for its whole. For example, if you compliment your friend on his “new set of wheels,” you are complimenting his new car. In literature, synecdoche is often used to show how a person views himself or others.
On pages 63 and 64 of Lord of the Flies we start to see Jack’s evolution into a more primitive being. He is becoming obsessed with the hunt. He creates a mask to camouflage himself so he can be a more successful hunter. His followers seem to watch with skepticism at first, but when his mask is complete they follow him into the jungle in pursuit of their next prey. The line “the mask compelled them” (pg. 64) shows that they have more respect and/or fear for the person Jack is when wearing the mask. In this example, the mask, which is the part, is representing Jack as a whole.