Generally speaking, Ramadan is a Muslim practice where the followers of Allah fast for a month. It is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. During this time, they follow certain practices.
- They fast during daylight hours. This includes drinking.
- They refrain from sexual intercourse during daylight hours.
- They try to use this time for more spiritual purposes. So, for instance, they may spend more time in prayer and more time reading the Quran. In short, it is a time of spiritual reformation.
All followers are supposed to engage in the month of Ramadan. However, there are a few exceptions. The elderly, the sick, pregnant women, and others who are incapable are exempt. However, they are encouraged, then, to use this time to do charity work.
As for why Muslim do this, they believe that fasting enables them to draw away from the world and regain focus on spiritual matters. Moreover, this show devotion to Allah and also builds solidarity with other Muslims around the world.