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What are ethical reasons for the active pursuit of diversity and, conversely, ethical reasons for a more passive approach? Assume the type of diversity in question is increasing workforce representation of women and ethnic minorities.

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There is no doubt that diversity in the workplace is a good thing, but how to achieve it is a subject of controversy. The active pursuit of diversity is often embodied in affirmative action guidelines, rules, and laws. On the other hand, passively pursuing diversity would involve assessing applicants on a case-by-case basis rather than on statistical averages.

There are numerous ethical and practical reasons for actively pursuing workplace diversity. For instance, a diverse work environment offers a business a wider range of viewpoints and input. It also reflects the diversity of the country at large, increasing the possibility of attracting the attention of more potential customers. Actively attempting to employ a diverse workforce makes up for long-time discrimination, providing a better overall balance of employment. It helps to overcome unconscious biases built up over decades and even centuries. It also helps mitigate disadvantages that many minorities still have to overcome, of...

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