What is the equation for the prepartation of bleach?
Bleach is Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl). It is made industrially by the Hooker Process where Chlorine Gas is reacted with Sodium Hydroxide in a cold electrolytic cell following the equation:
Cl2 +2NaOH -->NaCl + NaOCl +H2O
Note that chlorine is both oxidized and reduced.
- It has a 0 oxidation state as Cl2
- A Positive 1 oxidation state in NaOCl
- A Negative 1 oxidation state in NaCl
Chalmers, Louis. Household and Industrial Chemical Specialties. Vol. 1. Chemical Publishing Co. Inc., 1978.