What is environment? What do you understand by environment?Answers wanted in an explanatory notes in regards to the present environment in India.

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reidalot eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The environment consists of the air, water, land, and all the conditions that surround living organisms. It is important to note that all the systems in the environment are interrelated such as the interactions of animals and humans on the ecosystems.

In India, the present environment is undergoing rapid change due to a population explosion. Many environmental issues due to this growth are affecting the people of India. First of all, environmental degradation, the deterioration of the earth, is being caused by over farming the land to provide for this growing population. As the soil gets poorer, so do crops. As a result, famine and disease become widespread as there is not enough food to feed the populace.

Next, India has a large problem with untreated sewage. Many of the sewage treatment plants are old and inoperable and stay closed most of the time. This situation results in water pollution as the sewage leaches to surface and ground water causing disease and bacteria to spread to people and animals.

Another environmental concern is air pollution. India leads in the burning of fuel wood and biomass, and it also leads in fuel emissions and traffic congestion. This, in turn, leads to increasing greenhouse emissions, leading to climate change.

India also has a problem with solid waste pollution. It is common to see rotting garbage stacked on street corners or thrown into rivers and lakes contaminating the water. As the population grows, so does the amount of garbage.

As you can see, environment affects the quality of life for the people of India and can also have global impact on climate. Environmental regulations need to be better enforced to protect the land, people, animals, and crops.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

If you are really talking about social sciences (since you put your question in this group), then the term "environment" refers to the surroundings in which a person grows up and lives their life.  The term "environment" is used in contrast to the term "nature."

In social sciences, there is a debate between the relative amounts of influence of these two factors.  It is sometimes called the "nature versus nurture debate."  In other words, social scientists seek to understand if people are born with various traits (such as intelligence) or if those traits are conditioned by their environment (by how well off their family is, how much TV they watch as kids, how their parents treat them, etc).

So, in social science terms, environment refers to this set of influences on human beings.

krishna-agrawala | Student

Environment refers to all of the things,conditions and influences that surround or affect a particular place, person, group, organization, system, or the like. Thus we speak of many different kind of environment. We may speak of the home environment of a person during childhood affecting the psychological development of the person. We can speak of physical environment of a house affecting its property prises. We speak of the environmental forces that influence the performance of an industry or a business. We may classify environment in different types of influences of factors such as physical, economical, demographic, technological and political.

Talking about environment in India, we could talk about it with reference to many different things like ecology, industry, culture, or politics. Description of the environment of any one of these aspects will be too lengthy to be included on this forum.

picturesque | Student

A human being has many environments. I think from childhood to old age there are many environments around a person and at every stage of life a person views  things around him/her differently.