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What is the electoral college and how does it work?

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The Electoral College is the actual system by which the President of the United States is elected. The President is not actually elected directly by the voters; rather, there are 538 electors, chosen to represent each state based on the number of Representatives and Senators that state has in Congress. This system was defined by the Constitution, and created primarily because it offered a compromise between electing the President by the legislature as in a parliamentary system, and electing the President directly. Many of the Founding Fathers were uncomfortable with the idea of giving the people that much direct power, and...

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