What effects of WWII have on Africans Americans?

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brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Tens of thousands of African-Americans were drafted in the military and sent to war alongside white units and, though they were still segregated and rarely received combat assignments, they served honorably and with distinction. 

Hundreds of thousands of African-Americans entered the war industries as workers, and thanks to the efforts of A. Philip Randolph, some even received equal pay for equal work with whites, resulting from FDR's Executive Order 8802.

Many of those same workers became more mobile within the US, moving out of the South in large numbers and resettling in major cities in the North and West where the factories were.  This reshuffling of America's people of color was mostly permanent.

besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

African Americans wanted to fight in World War II. They even demanded it and over one million black soldiers fought in the war. Many saw this as an opportunity to better themselves and get out of poverty. The sad part of this is, is that they were segregated from the whites. Desegregation did not occur until 1948 when President Truman decided that they should not be segregated. They were also given jobs in the war that were beneath the jobs that whites were given and were not awarded in the same fashion that whites were.

The war did however, help them to realize that they were just as important and needed to do something about it. This help lead to the civil rights movement. They demanded equal rights.

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