What are the effects on the human body of comsuming too much sodium?

Expert Answers
bandmanjoe eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Sodium has long been on the "hit list" as a negative contributor to general health concerns.  The required daily intake of sodium is supposed to be about 70 milligrams, which is well below what most people take in on day-to-day basis.  Sodium is a major contributor to hypertension, or high blood pressure in human beings.  People who have high blood pressure, or have a history of high blood pressure in their immediate family, should restrict their intake of sodium.  Sodium intake in excess can also cause excessive thirst, as the body tries to dilute the excess salt in the body.  This in turn can lead to bloating, where the body retains water, all in an attempt to dilute the excessive salt.  A condition called hypernatremia may also develop as a result of too much sodium.  This is where the kidneys are overworked due to the excessive amounts of sodium and water in the body; there is simply too much water and impurities to be removed.

sanjeetmanna eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Comsumtion of too much of Sodium means comsumption of too much of salt...

Effects are...

Fluid retention

High Blood Pressure

Change in Urination



hudosn29650 | Student

Consuming too much sodium can cause many issues in the human body.  Too much sodium can increase a person's blood pressure, and can cause water retention. Two of the not so common effects on the human body of too much soduium consumption is weight gain and kidney damage.  High calorie processed foods are full of sodium and lead to the weight gain.  When the human body retains too much fluid from consuming salt, the kidneys have to work harder to excrete the fluid because their is more fluid to excrete for the body's system.  

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