I cannot help but feel that one of the most significant effects from the Dreyfus Affair was the call for a Zionist state in Palestine. The implications of the Dreyfus Affair was to believe that anti- semitism in Europe was an embedded element. The only way to escape it was to develop a Jewish state in what was then called Palestine. When Theodor Herzl covers the trial and, as a result, demands that a Jewish state be formed, it is a reflection of the belief that Anti- Semitism could not be overlooked or overcome. It is in this where I think that the creation of a Jewish state in the area of Palestine has modern implications. This is one of the critical issues that has created much in way of division in the post- World War II Middle East setting. I think that this becomes one of the most significant effects of the Dreyfus Affair, as it starts the process and sets in motion the reality that confronts us today in terms of assessing how a Jewish state can function in a world amidst hostility. It also underscores how anti- semitism was a reality that necessitated such a solution, something that was illuminated even more with the Holocaust. In this, one sees how the Dreyfus Affair's implication of raising the issue of anti- semitism becomes one of seminal importance.