What effects did the slave trade have on Africa?
In the short term, the slave trade encouraged African nations to wage war and disrupted local cultures and economies. This in turn resulted in a failure to industrialize, making the nations of Africa far more susceptible to European colonization.
The slave trade had many effects on Africa. Most of them were, of course, negative, though we can argue that the slave trade was beneficial for some African states in the short term.
One negative about the slave trade was that it tended to increase the amount of war that occurred in West Africa. The reason for this is that European (and American) slave traders did not simply go out into the African countryside and kidnap their own slaves. Instead, they bought slaves from the coastal kingdoms. Those kingdoms generally got slaves to sell through war and through raids against inland tribes....
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from the slave trade which take 400 years had the following impacts to the African in socio and economic as following,
1.lost of man power where by many strong man were taken as a slave thus in Africa lack man to improve African development.
2.collapse of local industries due to the high number of slaves were taken to America thus o one could control them and make then to produce the product as well as no one could buy the product.thus local industry declined in Africa. for example hand craft industry like basket
3.destruction of African culture due to the fact that many people were taken as a slave thus no one remain in Africa to spread the culture,even those who were there lived without happy due the ambush and lobbing during capturing a slaves.thus African lack chance to spread their culture.. thus African prefer white culture than black culture still it make the African culture to be destructed.
4.death from hunger and famine due to the African lacked time to produce in both agriculture and industry instead staying far from their home land to make safe from slave capturer during in the way many were killing and died themselves from heavy chain and heavy wood on the neck.for more reading check it HOW EUROPE UNDERDEVELOP AFRICA by WALTER ROODNEY