What effects did Emile Zola have on American literary realism and naturalism?
As an outgrowth of realism, naturalism emphasized accurate depictions of actual locations or places closely modeled on them and focused on the lives of ordinary people, including farmers, miners, and workers. Its popularity and influence were linked to the expansion of industrialization and analyses of class conflict, an approach closely linked to the theories of Karl Marx. The influence of Charles Darwin has also been noted, as environmental determinism often controls the character’s lives.
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