Technology is being applied to education more than ever. This can be done either through complete online learning, hybrid (also known as blended) instruction, or as a flipped classroom. Regardless of how technology is implemented, it helps to increase student motivation in the classroom. It also helps with the delivery of content, communication (between teacher and student, or between students), timely feedback from the teacher, and learning employable skills by applying resources that will likely be used in (or can benefit) the workforce.
Online learning entails all the instruction being delivered the internet or other technology. The benefit of such instruction is that it enables students who have other life obligations (a full-time job, children, etc.) to complete their coursework on their own terms. However, such a student needs to be disciplined in making their own goals and responsible enough to follow through with such goals.
Hybrid (or blended) learning involves a combination (or blending of) a traditional course and an online course. However, this definition can have many different variations. For example, the instruction and delivery of the materials may still be taught by the teacher. By students may be required to perform simulations or interactive components online. Many schools are having students take assessments online so that data can be collected on their performance by standard. Hybrid instruction allows teachers to differentiate instruction based on a class' or individual needs. The first link below is an article that speaks of how blended instruction leads to higher achievement than traditional instruction specifically within a secondary biology course. The second link is a blog that outlines additional benefits of blended instruction.
Flipped classrooms require students to learn the content in at home using technology. This then frees class-time for discussion, labs, activities, project-based learning, or assisted homework.