The effect of staccato sentences in writing is to break up the text of the novel, short story, poem or play into mon-syllabic short sharp sounds. This technique helps to convey certain kinds of emotions in particular, namely fear, anxiety, anger, confusion and stress. Example of writers who have used the effects of staccato sentences in writing are W.H. Auden, Shakespeare and Chekhov("The Lottery. ) Staccato sentences can also be effective in suddenly changing the mood of a piece - an example of a poet who has done this is Wilfred Owen in "Dulce Et Decorum Est." He moves from slow, dragging descriptive phrases to the sudden "Gas,gas - quick boys" to show how the exhausted soldiers must swiftly find the strength to protect themselves from a sudden poison gas attack.
Staccato sentences: a plain, tough style of narration leads to greater believability; the audience trusts a writer more who doesn't use excessive words; Hemingway said he "distrusted adjectives, like some people." This style of writing moves action along; it speeds up the rhythm.
Asyndeton: Emily Dickinson and friends use this and ellipsis to put the reader in a position of filling in the gaps and, therefore, making meaning. This inductive method also adds an air of mystery and gnosis to the subject matter.
Anaphora: used in oratory for emphasis and prosodic effect (helps audience remember phrases); used for stylistic effect (to emphasize a series of ideas, usually in a crescendo order).