What is the effect of language in that particualr situation.
4 friends at an elementary school form a club whose members speak a secret language that is only understandable by themselves. How language serve in that situation/ what is the effect of language in that particualr situation.
1. Langauge difference can serve group cohesion and personal belonging.
2. To meet the demand of social situation
In the elementary school you start exploring the feeling of belonging to groups through the interaction with other students. When they choose to have a separate language is with the purpose of identifying themselves as a unique group by separating themselves from the rest. Therefore, the answer to the question is that language difference definitely serves in this situation for the purpose of group cohesion and personal belonging. There is no social situation in this particular question that would require to meet any demands.
In my opinion, this is much more a case of language being used for group cohesion and personal belonging. The private language helps the four boys feel special and it helps them bond with one another. It is not really needed for the social situation.
These boys could just as easily have their club if they are speaking English. They do not need another language for the purpose of understanding one another (I am assuming that they all speak Englis.) The only benefit to them in making up their own language is that it sets them apart and makes them different from everyone else.