What effect does the song sung by the harper Demodocus have upon Odysseus?
Demodocus sings again later in the book - with what effect on Odysseus? Is the latter's response different from what we would expect of modern-day "heroes"?
Demodocus the blind bard sings the story of Troy in front of an audience including Odysseus. Because the story brings back painful memories for Odysseus, this leads to Odysseus crying at the recollection. Odysseus’ response leads eventually to his identity being revealed.
While reading this episode, it is important to consider how Demodocus serves for the guests much the same function that Homer serves for the audience of epic, of recalling to its Greek audience the other epics they have heard on the topic of the Trojan war and evoking emotion not simply from the single episode recounted, but from the losses of both the war and the tragedies of the returns.
Demodacus sings about the trojan war that happened some years ago, and he talks about Achilles. Since Achilles was Odysseus's comrade, Odysseus started to weep about his pains. The pain within him just bursted out in tears when he heard Demodacus's song. King Alcinous saw this, and then invited everyone to compete in contests. After the contests, Demodacus started to sing about troy again, and Odysseus wept some more, which the King saw again, and demanded his identity