What effect do winds from the ocean have on land near the ocean?
The irregularity of land and water forms contributes to the variations in the earth's heating and cooling and the winds, which carry weather. Land near the ocean is warmed in winter and cooled in summer by winds from the ocean. The oceans, covering more than 70 percent of the earth's surface, heat and cool slowly. Land surfaces react quickly, absorbing and releasing heat. Warm or cold winds originating over the vast expanses of water are delayed and changed in character by mountain ranges as they blow over the land masses of the world.
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In human civilization, wind has inspired mythology, influenced the events of history, expanded the range of transport and warfare, and provided a power source for mechanical work, electricity, and recreation. Wind powers the voyages of sailing ships across Earth's oceans. Hot air balloons use the wind to take short trips, and powered flight uses it to increase lift and reduce fuel consumption. Areas of wind shear caused by various weather phenomena can lead to dangerous situations for aircraft. When winds become strong, trees and man-made structures are damaged or destroyed.
Winds can shape landforms, via a variety of aeolian processes such as the formation of fertile soils, such as loess, and by erosion. Dust from large deserts can be moved great distances from its source region by the prevailing winds; winds that are accelerated by rough topography and associated with dust outbreaks have been assigned regional names in various parts of the world because of their significant effects on those regions. Wind affects the spread of wildfires. Winds disperse seeds from various plants, enabling the survival and dispersal of those plant species, as well as flying insect populations. When combined with cold temperatures, wind has a negative impact on livestock. Wind affects animals' food stores, as well as their hunting and defensive strategies.
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