In "The Odyssey, what effect do Penelope, Athena, and Calypso have on Odysseus? What do they bring out in him?
Penelope gives Odysseus the reason to keep going on his quest to reach home. He is faithful to her and wants only to return to her. She represents the epitome of the faithful and loving wife.
Calypso represents the temptations men could face to not be faithful to their wives. Though she entraps Odysseus for 9 years, he does not forget Penelope and his determination to return home. Calypso was selfish in her relationship.
Athena gave Odysseus a friendship that he had with no other woman. She is a goddess, but treats Odysseus as almost an equal and shares a truly enjoyable relationship with him. She encourages and helps him to return home. She is selfless in her relationship.