What effect did Edgar Allan Poe have on literature?
America's own Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) is one the nation's greatest writers. He is considered the father of the modern horror story as well as the father of modern detective fiction. He was one of the first writers in the emerging field of science fiction. His romantic poetry is also some of the finest of the period. Additionally, he was one of the leading literary critics of the first half of the 19th century. His gothic style and dark romanticism were trademarks. The fact that many of his short stories ("The Tell-Tale Heart," "The Cask of Amontillado," "Murders in the Rue Morgue," "The Fall of the House of Usher," "The Pit and the Pendulum") are among the finest in American literature solidify his standing as one of the country's greatest writers. Several poems--such as "Annabel Lee," "The Bells," and "The Raven"--are also among the most well known of American verse. Many of his stories have been made into movies and songs, and his work is among the most imitated of all writers. His works spawned great interest in cryptography and cosmology; and most future writers of horror and detective stories began their interest by reading the works of Poe.