The effect of colonization on Australia's aborigines was not unlike the experience of many native peoples when European empires showed up to conquer and settle. Aborigines were marginalized, their traditional lands shrunk to that which the settlers did not want.
Racism was typical, as even Australian history tends to neglect the presence of aborigines, or acknowledge their impact and contribution to Australian culture and society. Diseases such as smallpox wiped out much of the population within a few years of settlement, and later policies of then Australian government included the abduction of Aborigine children to live with Australian families as servants.
Recently, a Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission was established to address such past crimes.