What effect did the baby boom have on Canadian society during the 1950's and what will the population pyramid for Canada look like 15 years from now (and so what impact will this have on society)?...

What effect did the baby boom have on Canadian society during the 1950's and what will the population pyramid for Canada look like 15 years from now (and so what impact will this have on society)? Thanks for your help!

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teachsuccess | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Hello! Like that of their American counterparts, the Canadian birthrate multiplied after WWII.

What effect did the baby boom have on Canadian society?

1) Because more people were marrying at younger ages and having more children during the Boomer years, the growth of the Canadian population exceeded expectations during this period. The phenomena of the lonely soldier coming back from war precipitated many of these births. The marriages and births postponed from the Depression era now saw their fruition during the Boomer years. The Boomer years lasted for 20 years in Canada and saw the birth of more than 8.2 million babies.

2) Because of the increase in population, many Canadian families moved to suburban communities to escape the crowding in the cities.

3) Increased economic progress contributed to newer and better products on the market. With the advent of the television, more people could access entertainment at their fingertips.

4) The Boomer generation in Canada also saw the advent of the generation gap between the older generation and the younger generation. Teenagers suddenly had their own culture (in terms of music, movies, and fashion). Paul Anka was a popular Canadian singer during this period.

5) The Boomer generation also saw a new struggle emerge regarding women's roles: during the war, many wives and mothers worked in the factories to support the war effort; after the war, many were encouraged to return to their homes as traditional homemakers. However, many also stayed in the workforce after the war. This gave rise to the 'Mommy Wars.'

What will the population pyramid for Canada look like 15 years from now?

1) Births leveled off after the Boomer years in Canada. In 15 years, the Canadian economy is projected to support an older population, and that by 2036, Canada will have 3.3 million people over the age of 80.

2) The working age population is projected to decline until the year 2030, at which stage, it will level off; this is also the year when the movement of the Baby Boomers into the 65 years and over age group will be complete.

What impact will this have on society?

With a higher population of aging citizens, Canada will be faced with some important issues:

a) Longer life expectancy rates will contribute to the increased need for excellent geriatric care. More workers will have to be trained and hired for these positions.

b) An aging population also means that the tax burden will be disproportionately shared among a smaller tax base of younger people. Due to a rapidly aging workforce, Canada's labor woes will also greatly increase for a time. This may lead to slower economic growth in the foreseeable future.

c) The subject of pensions, home care, and health care will be top priorities in future elections in Canada. Because seniors tend to vote in greater droves than the younger generation, you will find that more and more politicians will need to give an ear to older voters' concerns. 

There is also current debate regarding Canada's aging population placing a greater burden on the national health care system. Policy makers are discussing whether delaying the retirement age and/or hiking immigration rates would decisively solve Canada's looming fiscal crisis.

For more information regarding the impact a rapidly aging Canadian population will have on society, I highly recommend this collection of articles here.

As for what a Canadian population pyramid would look like in 15 years, try this link here. Hope this helps out. Thanks for the question!

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