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What were the economical consequences of the Roman expansion in the Mediterranean Sea?  

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Robert Lang eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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You did not specify the time period that you were referring to, so I am proceeding with the assumption that you are asking about the period from 264 B.C.E. to 133 B.C.E., the period generally recognized as the time of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean.

Conquering the Mediterranean meant defeating another strong Mediterranean power—Carthage. Carthage was not only located in a very favorable position on the Mediterranean Sea, at one of the tips of northern Africa, but it also used this to its advantage in controlling trade routes across the sea. In fact, Carthage was a massive commercial center, and it essentially monopolized western Mediterranean trade. Around 264 B.C.E., the Romans began to challenge them for supremacy in the Mediterranean, partially because they worried that Carthage may begin to encroach upon their spheres of influence and control. They fought a series of battles which have come to be known as the Punic Wars.

The Romans managed to reap several economic benefits...

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Lynnette Wofford eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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