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What economic factors helped to cause the collapse of the Han Dynasty?

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Olen Bruce eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The Han Dynasty spanned from approximately 206 BCE to 220 CE. Their fall was precipitated by the failure of rich landowners to pay taxes. In addition, scholars declared that they did not have to pay taxes. As a result, the burden of taxation fell heavily on the poor, and the inequality in this society started to destabilize it. Some peasants also evaded tax collectors by running away.

Without money, the emperors could not maintain the infrastructure of roads and canals, and the army also began to fall apart and could not repulse...

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The Han dynasty collapsed as a result of a number of factors, social, economic and political. Some of these factors were intertwined. For example, the politics of the time led to a number of economic issues, and these contributed greatly to its downfall.

The last ruler of the Han dynasty was emperor Xian. It was during his rule that the dynasty collapsed. One of the economic factors at the time was the fact that he was enforcing hefty taxation laws. The kingdom was already collapsing and the taxation laws only made the people more rebellious. The citizens who were able to leave left. The others formed rebel groups such as the Yellow Turban Rebellion. This rebellion only added strain on the already weak economy of the Han dynasty. Eventually, this and other factors led to the collapse.