What dystopian features in A Clockwork Orange dehumanize characters?

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The storyline bounces between two forms of sadism and dehumanization. The first is the violent acts of the main character, Alex. He is a young gang leader who violently rapes a woman and beats several victims. He is written as a cold hearted psychopath whose acts dehumanize his victims. He lives a life of ultra-violence with little regard for those around him. When he is incarcerated the plot switches to show the brutality of the State's solution. The Minister of the Interior forces Alex to undergo the Ludovico Technique. He is forced to watch brutal imagery paired with music and becomes nauseated by the thought of it. The state dehumanizes Alex by removing his freewill. The story brilliantly shows how the solution to violence in American culture is often further violence.

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