What is the dramatic significance of the first act of Arms and the Man?

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The first act of Shaw's Arms and the Man sets the plot of the play in motion, and introduces us to the main characters and themes. In the first act, we encounter the two major areas of conflict that are the central themes of the play:

War: The main conflict over war is one of a romantic versus a realistic approach, the former expressing patriotic sentiment and a literary and artistic tradition and the latter exemplifying the pragmatic and mercenary approach to war as a business having as its goal not...

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