What is the domain and range of y = -tan x?

Asked on by aristokid

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

For y = -tan x, the domain is all values that x can take so that the value of y is defined. The range is all values that y can take.

To calculate y = -tan x, we have to calculate tan x and multiply it by -1. The function is defined wherever tan x is defined. Now tan x is defined for all values of x except odd-integer multiples of pi/2, as where x is an odd integer multiple of pi/2, the value of tan x is not defined. This gives the domain as all values except odd integer multiples of pi/2.

The range is the set of all real values. Or y = [-inf, +inf].

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

Since the tangent function is an odd function, we'll re-write the given function as:

-tan x = tan (-x)

the domain of tangent function is (-pi/2 ; pi/2) or all real numbers, except pi/2 + kpi, k belongs to Z set of numbers.

For x = pi/2 + kpi, the tangent function is undefined.

Let's see why:

The tangent function is a ratio, where numerator is sine function and denominator is represented by cosine function:

tan x = sin x/cos x

If the denominator is zero, then the ratio is undefined. Since the cosine function is cancelling for x = pi/2 + kpi, then the ratio, namely tangent function, is undefined.

The range of tangent function is formed from all real numbers.

f(x) : (-pi/2 ; pi/2) -> R

f(x) = tan x

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