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The moving dream that Winston has in this chapter shows us the true conditions of the time when Big Brother was establishing his power base and the resulting hunger and general want that his citizens suffered. His memory of stealing the small bit of chocolate that his mother insisted belonged to his sister and running away shows his guilt about the disappearance of his mother and sister. Reflecting on his mother, Winston thinks about her private standards and how they bestowed upon her a kind of "nobility" and "purity." Note what he learns about love and loyalty from this memory:
If you loved someone, you loved him, and when you had nothing else to give, you still gave him love. When the last of the chocolate was gone, his mother had clasped the child in her arms. It was no use, it changed nothing, it did not produce more chocolate, it did not avert the child's death or her own; but it seemed natural to her to do it.
Love is an instinctive response, that, Winston reflects, has been bred out of life by the Party and Big Brother. Love is something that is always there and can always be offered, even when nothing else remains.
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