What does Waverly's mother give her for good luck?

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The red jade tablet is an important symbol, not just of good luck, but of Lindo's Chinese identity, which she wants to pass on to her children. A common refrain in Tan's stories is the tension between traditional Chinese culture and its modern American counterpart. Lindo wants Waverly to be a great chess prodigy, knowing full well how much value Americans place on success and achievement in life. At the same time, she doesn't want Waverly to lose touch with her cultural identity. Hence her giving Waverly the red jade tablet.

Here we see an attempt by Lindo to reconcile both the Chinese and the American aspects of Waverly's personality. She wants her daughter to enjoy the kind of success that will earn her the respect of American society while at the same time attributing that success in part to the good luck bestowed by ancient Chinese traditions.

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This is a good question. Here is the context.

Waverly's mom has been teaching Waverly about the art of invisible strength. This was to win respect and arguments. When Waverly began to play chess, she used this art of invisible strength to win chess games.

When Waverly started entering tournaments and winning, Waverly's mother got into it. At first, she was hesitant, but when Waverly excelled and gained recognition, her mother was excited. There was a sense of motherly pride. Before one tournament, she placed something in Waverly's pocket - a red jade tablet. She said that this red jade held the sun's fire, and that this jade would bring good luck. Waverly had it in her pocket, and she won. Here is the quote:

It was her chang, a small tablet of red jade which held the sun's fire. "Is luck," she whispered, and tucked it into my dress pocket.

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