What does Kurt Vonnegut achieve by placing himself as a character in his novel "Slaughterhouse-Five?"

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There are several reasons as to why Vonnegut would place himself in his popular novel Slaughterhouse-Five. For one thing, Vonnegut is a noted postmodern writer who frequently deconstructs the traditional writing styles and tropes. Through Vonnegut's placing of himself, the author, into the novel as a character, the lines between fiction and non-fiction are blurred. Vonnegut (a real human being) exists in the novel (primarily a work of fiction), and thus the reader is made to question the fictitious nature of the novel. Vonnegut's acknowledgment of himself as being the book's author—"That was the author of this book"—sort of forces the reader to accept the novel as being a novel.

Realistically, Vonnegut uses Slaughterhouse-Five as a sort of therapy; by addressing the horrors of war that he directly witnessed, and by satirizing them beyond belief, the reader is shown the absurdity of war and of violence. Vonnegut seems to frequently struggle to understand the bizarrely destructive tendencies...

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