What does the Tomb of Weni describe?
The Tomb of Weni (or Uni), c. 2350B.C., records five campaigns against Asiatics and contains several interesting details. Weni was the general of an army of units levied locally; there were also Nubians and Libyans possibly mercenaries. Weni's title and that of many officers was innocuous: He was "Chief Domain Supervisor of the Palace"; sub-commanders were bureaucrats and carried similar civilian titles. This suggests that military command may lie buried in such civilian titles as nomarch or "chief prophet of Upper Egypt."
Thus, the absence of military titles cannot be taken as evidence for the absence of militarism in the Old Kingdom. Weni's campaigns, as presented in his texts, were no ritualistic and nonlethal encounters; on the contrary, they were total wars genocidal intent. Weni described going back to put down rebellions among the Sand-Dwellers; it is not clear if this language was literal or ideological. Weni's motives were wholly personal: to earn the pharaoh's favor, presumably in material and career terms.