What does "time is out of joint" mean to Hamlet?

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In act one, scene five, Hamlet speaks to this father's ghost, which tells him that Claudius murdered him in the orchard by pouring poison into his ear. The Ghost then instructs Hamlet to avenge his death by murdering Claudius while sparing the queen. When the Ghost leaves, Hamlet meets up with Horatio and Marcellus but does not reveal the details of his conversation with the Ghost. After Hamlet makes his friends swear that they will keep the events a secret and informs them that he will be acting strangely in the upcoming days, Hamlet comments,

The time is out of joint. O cursèd spite, That ever I was born to set it right!

Hamlet is essentially commenting on the current state of affairs in Denmark, which are out of order. He uses the metaphor of a dislocated shoulder to represent Denmark's confused politics. The metaphor is also applied to time, which is mixed up as well. Hamlet recognizes that time is not right, and neither is the world as he knew it or Denmark's confused political hierarchy. He...

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