Two separate illustrations of an animal head and a fire on a mountain

Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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Please explain the significance of the following passage from Lord of the Flies by William Golding: "Simon dropped the screen of leaves back into place. The slope of the bars of honey-coloured sunlight decreased; they slid up the bushes, passed over the green candle-like buds, moved up towards the canopy, and darkness thickened under the trees. With the fading of the light the riotous colours died and the heat and the urgency cooled away. The candle-bids stirred. Their green sepals drew back a little and the white tips of the flowers rose delicately to meet the open air. Now the sunlight had lifted clear of the open space and withdrawn from the sky. Darkness poured out, submerging the ways between the trees till they were dim and strange as the bottom of the sea. The candle-buds opened their wide white flowers glimmering under the light that pricked down from the first stars. Their scent spilled out into the air and took possession of the island."

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This passage from William Golding's Lord of the Flies occurs at the end of chapter three. Simon has been working on the shelters with Ralph all day; however, when he has a chance to get away, he does. The littluns follow him at first, knowing he is patient and they can ask him to pick some fruit for them, since all the fruit is too high for them to reach.

Finally Simon is able to leave, and he makes his way to the spot described in the passage you mention. When he arrives, Simon looks around to be sure no one is watching him before slipping into his private sanctuary. That is the only significant action in this passage; the rest is pure description.

There are three notable details about this passage and this sanctuary. First, it is isolated and Simon does not want to share it with anyone else. Golding describes the foliage as a "canopy," and very little light is able to penetrate Simon's hiding spot. Simon needs time alone because he is the embodiment of man's spirit which sometimes needs solitude in order to rejuvenate.

Second, it is a familiar place to Simon. He does not have to grope around and wonder where to find "the mat" which is what Golding calls the opening flap for this secret spot. Simon has been here before.

Finally, we (the readers) have also been to this spot before. In chapter one, Jack, Ralph, and Simon explore the mountain, and they find a bush with candle buds. (Candle buds are not everywhere, or this particular bush would not have captured the boys' attention.) Ralph and Jack are spectacularly unimpressed with the find. Jack is disgusted because the candle buds are not edible, and Ralph displays a stunning lack of imagination when he remarks that, though they look like candles, they cannot be lit. 

Simon is the one who is moved by the sight of the candle buds. He says, “Like candles. Candle bushes. Candle buds.” He immediately appreciates their resemblance to candles, a figurative representation of the light (truth) he will try to give the others. 

Simon visits this place again where he encounters the pig's head on a stick, the Lord of the Flies. His place of tranquility is ruined by the evil truth about the nature of man, and soon Simon will be killed by the reality of that evil nature. 

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