What does the term "red scars" in the poem "Africa" refer to?

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In "Africa" David Diop apostrophizes the continent, saying:

Africa, tell me Africa
Is this your back that is unbent
This back that never breaks under the weight of humiliation
This back trembling with red scars

The question mark never comes, showing how completely rhetorical such questions are (though the last lines of the poem...

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