The fable "The Gentlemen of the Jungle" by Jomo Kenyatta is an allegorical tale about colonial expansion in Africa. It uses a very simple story about a man displaced from his hut by animals to illustrate the way that the peoples of Africa were displaced from their homelands. The man represents the people of Africa, while the various animals represent the European colonial powers that dealt with Africans so unjustly.
The story is written by Jomo Kenyatta, the first prime minister of the nation of Kenya and then its first president, so we can say that the fable is written from the perspective of Kenya. With this in mind, we can say that the elephant probably represents the British Empire, which ruled Kenya before its independence.
The story begins with a man residing peacefully in his hut. During a rainstorm, an elephant, supposedly a friend of the man, asks to protect only his trunk from the rain, but soon it pushes the man out and takes over the entire hut. This shows the way that the British came into Africa under the guise of friendship: once they were inside, they ruthlessly took it over. The other animals represent the other western nations of the world. They first launch a commission to look into the matter, but the commission is one-sided and sides with the elephant against the man. This shows the unfairness of world opinion regarding colonization.
The man has no choice but to accept the ruling of the commission, because he does not have the strength to fight against the might of the animals, just as the Africans had to submit to colonial powers because they did not have the military might to resist. The man tries to build other huts for himself, but other animals take them over. This represents the incursion of other colonial powers into Africa.
Finally, the man builds a large hut that all the animals try to inhabit at once. While they are fighting, the man burns the hut down with the animals inside. This symbolizes the world wars of the twentieth century. The western powers fought and weakened each other, and only after these wars were the African nations able to achieve their independence.