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The Salt March was one of the first major demonstrations of nonviolent resistance to the British colonial rule led by Mahatma Gandhi. As such, it set forth many of the principles followed in later actions as the Indian independence movement gained followers.
Because of India's tropical climate, salt was an essential part of the every day diet to replace salt lost through perspiration. The British government enacted regulations requiring that all salt be imported from British providers and levied taxes upon all salt in the country. Gandhi recognized that, because of its universal importance, the effort to remove the salt tax would win the support of all classes of the Indian population.
While the Salt March did not have any immediate effect upon the salt tax, it resulted in widespread publicity for the nonviolent approach to protest being proposed by Gandhi, and it set the stage for later actions that did eventually lead to independence for India.
It symbolized that the Indians were tired of being taxed on their own salt.
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