What does the posterior pituitary gland and the hypothalamus have in common with one another and what are their individual functions?

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The posterior pituitary gland or neurohypophysis is part of the endocrine system which secretes hormones into the blood stream. Hormones liberated by the postpit. are antidiuretic hormone (ADH), and oxytocin. ADH causes retention of water by the renal system. Oxytocin causes uterine smooth muscle contractions in the pregnant female. A...

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The posterior pituitary gland or neurohypophysis is part of the endocrine system which secretes hormones into the blood stream. Hormones liberated by the postpit. are antidiuretic hormone (ADH), and oxytocin. ADH causes retention of water by the renal system. Oxytocin causes uterine smooth muscle contractions in the pregnant female. A commonality of the neurohypophysis and the hypothalamus is that the hypothalamus synthesizes postpit. hormones, they are then released from axons located in the postpit. or neurohypophysis. The hypothalamus is also called a releasing and inhibiting center because it stimulates the anterior pituitary to release hormones and blocks the release of others also from the anterior pituitary(adenohypophysis).

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