What does a modern audience learn about marriages and gender roles in Shakespeare's The Taming of The Shrew?

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I agree with other editors in pointing out that the learning process is not all one-way. It is clear that Kate and Petruchio have found their equal in the other, and that at the end of the play we feel that they will have a happier and a more successful marriage than Lucentio and Bianca, precisely because Kate, now that she has been "tamed" and found a man that is worthy of her, is committed to her role. But likewise, Petruchio is forced to realise that Kate still remains a powerful character, and that marriage does involve compromise and negotiation.

Marriages often involve power struggles.  Those of Petruchio and Kate are of course exaggerated, but for a household to run smoothly and efficiently, there must be harmony.  Petruchio's methods are extreme, and in many ways those more of a parent than a husband.  But he knows that he must strike first, so to speak, because if he did not, nothing at all would please Kate.  She would complain about his house, the food, the help, the money he...

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