What does it mean when Estella says, "I am what you have made me" around chapter 38?Around chapter 38.

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heartlessness on her.  She always expected it to be directed outward.

You stock and stone!” exclaimed Miss Havisham. “You cold, cold heart!”

“What!” said Estella, preserving her attitude of indifference as she leaned against the great chimney-piece and only moving her eyes; “do you reproach me for being cold? You?”

“Are you not?” was the fierce retort.

“You should know,” said Estella. “I am what you have made me. Take all the praise, take all the blame; take all the success, take all the failure; in short, take me.” (ch 38, enotes etext p. 206)


Miss Havisham has used Estella to get her revenge on all men.  She created her to be unfeeling, messing with the heads of boys and men.  As a result, Estella had no feelings of her own of any kind.  She did not feel for the men she used, but she also did not feel for other people she might bring to harm.  She had no sympathy for Miss Havisham, and resented what she had done to her.


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Great Expectations

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