This refers to the increasing trend in this time to focus more and more on the inner lives of characters rather than on external events. This was part of a greater artistic and cultural movement known broadly as Modernism. Famous Modernist writers include James Joyce, Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner. These writers focussed so much on the internal lives of their characters that they tried to reproduce the actual movements of their thoughts in a narrative technique known as stream-of-consciousness. This can actually be quite confusing and unclear for the reader as in real life a person's thoughts are often mixed up and disjointed, rather than continuing in a clear flow. Such writers tried to be as psychologically realistic as possible. However, even those writers who did not go quite so far, for example E M Forster, still were concerned more with a character's thoughts and feelings rather than with external action and dramatic events, unlike most novelists before the twentieth century.
THANKS A LOT!!!
THANKS A LOT!