What does Gregor's death symbolize?

In The Metamorphosis, Gregor's death symbolizes the destructive impact of neglect, dehumanization, and lack of love. Gregor's family turns on him after he becomes an insect, perceiving him more as a burden than a family member.

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Gregor dies slowly through the abuse and neglect of his family, who no longer have any use for him once he turns into an insect and can no longer work. His father injures him badly by throwing an apple at him, which lodges in his back. His back becomes inflamed...

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Gregor dies slowly through the abuse and neglect of his family, who no longer have any use for him once he turns into an insect and can no longer work. His father injures him badly by throwing an apple at him, which lodges in his back. His back becomes inflamed and the apple rots, which weakens Gregor. As he realizes that his family—even his sister, Grete—dislike and resent him because he is a burden, he stops eating. He realizes that both he and his family would be better off if he died. When Grete locks him in his room, no longer leaving the door open so that he can see and hear what they are doing in the living room, Gregor realizes that he is unloved and that his life has no meaning.

Once he becomes an insect and therefore can no longer talk, his family gradually forgets that he is, on the inside, a sentient human being who needs love and nurture. Only the charwoman still perceives this, and only she is not afraid of him.

Gregor's death symbolizes the way neglect and lack of love can destroy a person. This indifference on the part of the family is brought home when they don't even want to hear what the charwoman has to say about discovering his dead body. They also show their indifference when they are overjoyed to be rid of him, taking a trip to the country, realizing they can move to a different apartment, and feeling unburdened.

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