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In The Great Gatsby, fall is a symbolic season, particularly in chapter 5. Often in fall we experience new beginnings. It is the time of year when children go back to school and calendars are refreshed. This is the time of year when a new harvest comes in. This is the time of year when a new season ushers itself in by the winds of change.
This time of year is also questionable. Halloween brings darkness and ghosts while people retreat to their homes for warmth. The leaves fall off trees demonstrating death and decay.
In chapter 8, just before the revelation that Gatsby was dead, references to fall foreshadow the dark events as they unfold:
A small gust of wind that scarcely corrugated the surface was enough to disturb its accidental course with its accidental burden. The touch of a cluster of leaves revolved it slowly, tracing, like the leg of transit, a thin red circle in the water.
These italicized clues work together to help reveal the final truth that a red circle of blood now stands where a man floating on a raft once stood. Fall predicts Gatsby's death. Fall symbolizes an end... but it can also symbolize a new beginning. Perhaps the end of Gatsby and Wilson both birthed a new beginning for Nick as he soon left the area to retreat home.
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