What does "climate control" mean in The Giver?

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Climate control is another facet of the ideology of "Sameness" in the society in which Jonas lives. 

After Jonas receives the memory of a sled ride in the snow, a memory that he finds exhilarating and enjoys with "breathless glee," he asks the Giver why snow has been eliminated. The Giver explains that snow was not a practical thing; therefore, it became obsolete after the community accepted Sameness. Specifically, he tells Jonas,

"Climate Control. Snow made growing food difficult, limited the agricultural periods. And unpredictable weather made transportation almost impossible at times. It wasn't a practical thing, so it became obsolete when we went to Sameness.” (Ch. 11)

After receiving a number of obsolete experiences from the memory of the Giver, Jonas begins to understand that his society has exchanged the opportunity for individuality and a life filled with variety for the safety of Sameness. The choices his society initially made have now eliminated the possibility of any other choices or variety in life. This type of regimentation is very stultifying and monotonous, and Jonas finds himself more and more dissatisfied with his society. 

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In Chapter 11, the Giver transmits the first of many memories to Jonas, one of sledding down a hill in snow. Jonas does not know what snow is, nor what hillsides are. We learn that when the community moved to "sameness" the hills were all flattened to make transportation easier and weather changes were eliminated to make agriculture more efficient. Thus, climate control is a type of "sameness." 

Jonas enjoys this memory and asks the Giver why he doesn't use his power to bring back the hills and the snow. The Giver explains that although his position is an honored one, it is not necessarily a powerful one. In other words, he does not have the power or authority to bring it back. In fact, the memory he is sharing is from "generations back," so we understand that "climate control" has been a part of the community for a very long time.

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