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In legal terms, restitution simply means providing some sort of compensation to an aggrieved party. It can be applied in civil law, or torts litigation, or in criminal cases. In civil law, a defendant may be required to pay for damages done due to negligence, or to compensate someone for the value of an item, house, work not accomplished under contract, or to compensate financially for other grievances. In criminal cases, a defendant found guilty might be allowed to perform community service as a punishment for a crime they committed. In international law, restitution might take the form of reparations for war guilt, as Germany was forced to pay by the Treaty of Versailles.
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