What do you think is Vonnegut's reason for these digressions? what do you think of the mantra so it goes.

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I’m not sure that I agree that Vonnegut is digressing. I think it is more accurate to say that his non-linear narrative style appears to be digressive, when in fact each temporal jump is a necessary element in the story. My own take on Slaughterhouse Five is that the book is less about Dresden than it is about how one responds, psychologically, to trauma and about the uses of narrative to make sense of the terrible things that happen to us. The book is at once an attempt at escape through the imagination and a satire or commentary on the ineffectiveness of that escape. In that sense the digressions are both essential and comic. Vonnegut’s narrative style is an attempt to stretch conventional storytelling to make it possible to understand Billy’s experience, one that Vonnegut himself recognizes as inadequate. It’s telling that the alien Tralfamadorian race has developed a literary form that can capture experience—it’s just that humans can’t understand it.

The “So it goes” mantra works in a similar way. It is at once an expression of resignation, and a physical description of the plot, which will “go” regardless of reader expectations for linearity.

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I believe (of course since I can't ask Kurt himself) that one of the main reasons he digresses so quickly and easily, particularly in creating a very non-linear narrative, is because there is no real good way to approach the really horrifying aspects of the story.  One cannot simply tell the story of being captured, locked in railroad cars and shipped across Germany, then witnessing the terrifying results of the fire-bombing of Dresden in a normal, from A to B type of narrative. 
I think Vonnegut created these digressions to help create and answer to that dynamic.  The reason for the mantra of "and so it goes," is similar.  Having been a witness to the terrible power of an incendiary bombing raid and the barbarism inherent in it, there are no more easy answers or answers at all for why someone dies and someone else doesn't.  So the simple response is "so it goes."

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