There are several ways to think about the quote and its relationship to The Chocolate War.
As you might remember, “Do I dare disturb the universe?” is written on a poster in Jerry’s locker. The question comes from T. S. Eliot, a poet that Jerry is learning about in English.
Jerry’s universe is rather unpleasant. There’s a violent secret society and compromised teachers. You could say Jerry uses the question to help guide him. Yes, Jerry should disturb this universe. He shouldn’t sell the chocolates and support the bullies. He should stick to his principles.
However, Jerry’s disruption of the universe seems to cause more disruption to his own life than to the sinister status quo of Trinity. A group of boys beat him up. He also receives odious prank phone calls.
Although, it could be argued that the retaliation establishes that Jerry was successfully undercutting the school’s cruel culture at certain points. If he wasn’t a threat to the secret society, you could reason that they wouldn’t care. They’d leave him alone.
Yet if you review the final scenes, you might say that Jerry doesn't ultimately disturb the universe. You could say he makes a valiant attempt at changing things, but in the end, the Vigils and Brother Leon maintain their power. The raffle brings in the money to compensate for the lost chocolate sales. Archie walks home without facing any substantial consequences.
Meanwhile, Jerry appears to be quite disillusioned with the “disturb the universe” concept. He tells his friend, “Don’t disturb the universe, Goober, no matter what the posters say.”
You might want to think about how Jerry’s resigned conclusion connects to Eliot’s own beliefs about the world. The line—“Do I dare disturb the universe?”—comes from Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” In that poem, Eliot confesses that he’s no Hamlet—he’s no hero. You might think about the ways in which Jerry comes to realize the difficulties of being a hero.
More so, "Prufrock" ends with some stark drowning imagery. You could think about how the ending of The Chocolate War links to drowning. You might talk about how Jerry tried to swim on his own but wound up drowning in the overwhelmingly toxic universe of the school.