What actually is taliban? do the afghans like them? if not why dont they oppose the taliban. how can women live under such horrible conditions and rules laid down by taliban? women are considered worse than dogs
Interesting ideas. In many respects the people of Afghanistan were more intergrated into the world at large and modern technology before the Soviet Army moved in. The two governments before that had made great strides in modernizing the urban parts of the country and in women's rights. It was trouble over those issues as well as power struggles among factions in the government that convinced the Soviet government of the need for intervention. The Taliban at this point are a "rebel" movement, being outside of the government, and rebel movements do not necessarily need modern communications technology. The more intergrated a country's information net the easier for the government to monitor and control the population; the Taliban is actually aided at this point by the lack of infrastructure in their tribal areas. More modern communications would indeed help the government and the majority population of the country in their struggle to bring a more peaceful and modern state into being.
The previous posts were quite lucid in their analysis. I am particularly intrigued by the idea put forth in the most recent post that technology is going to be a critical element in the people's understanding of the Taliban. The expansion of technology and the ability to effectively interlink Afghani people with the rest of the information and digitalized notions of the good will be critical in developing a sense of informed opinion about the Taliban. If the people of Afghanistan choose the form of religious, political, and social conceptions offered by the Taliban, they should do so with an informed understanding that can be offered through expansion of technology. If the people can understand the full implications of the issue, then there might be a form of change offered through the demands of social activism. The reality is that if the people of Afghanistan would be the agents of change in this equation, it must happen through the development of technology in the region.
My understanding of the Taliban comes from reading newspaper and magazine articles and seeing television and internet news reports. My understanding of this group is that they are religious extremists who enforce obedience to their government by inflicting violence and inciting fear.
I suppose that the primary reason why opponents of the Taliban in Afghanistan don't revolt against them is because of the lack of communication and coordination of rebel groups. Technology in that region is probably nowhere near what it is in more developed countries. When communication is available via technology, it is much easier for rebel groups to band together.
The Taliban are a political group among a tribal population living on the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Their main numerical strength probably lives in Pakistan, and they have a great many sympathizers (and probably members) in the Pakistani intelligence service. They were able to seize power after the Soviet-Afghan War for several reasons. One is that they had a great deal of weaponry and munitions left after the war, both because of their participation and because they hoarded a good bit of it instead of expending it in combat with the Soviets. The second is that they were simply more ruthless than the other power factions that had arisen during the war. A third reason is the economic power they had amassed during the war through the opium and hashish trade, both being media of exchange in the weapons trade during the war, carried on across the Paki-Afghan border. This was a normal condition of the war, the Panjir mujaheddin and the Jamiat-i-Islam both were also involved, as were other groups.
But the main reasons they were able to consolidate power in Afghanistan were because of the US and Usama bin Laden. It was foolish of the US to simply turn our backs on the Afghan people once the Soviets pulled out; with very little in the way of economic help the country could have been rebuilt with a decent government. Apparently wrecking the Soviet Army enough to fatally destabilize the Soviet economy was enough for the American government. The problem with bin Laden is that he was the financier we used to launder the money from the weapons/drug business, and we were also foolish enough to allow him to recruit Middle Easterners to fight in Afghanistan. This gave him both a personal and power base and a great deal of economic and political influence he would otherwise never have had. It also left the intelligence services of the Western world in his debt. This enabled him to build up his own organisation and help the Taliban to achieve dominance in Afghanistan, along the Pakistani border and within the Paki intelligence service. Essentially, we turned our proxy victory over the Soviets into a long-term threat to our own country and the West.
The majority of Afghans detest the Taliban and their tribal rules, which they claim to be Islamic law. But they are a strong group at least in their own rather large tribal area, and aren't likely to be gotten rid of. Some accomodation will have to be made with their political leadership both in Afghanistan and Pakistan, iprovided their militarist wing can be brought under control.
Based upon what I've read, many of the Afghani people fear the brutality of the Taliban rather than like them. However, the extreme social and religious views of the Taliban surely are supported by some, if not many. From the outside, the culture in Afghanistan seems impossibly tangled in the history of the country, tribal loyalties, cultural and religious heritage, and the nature of political power itself. As in any country and culture, once a dictatorial power takes root, opposition is difficult and terribly dangerous. Also, the terrible poverty and lack of education in Afghanistan do not promote opposition.