The Metamorphosis Questions and Answers
by Franz Kafka

The Metamorphosis book cover
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What do you make of the end of Metamorphosis? Specifically, toward the end of the story, what are Gregor's attitudes toward himself and his family? In Kafka's The Metamorphosis, Gregor obviously changes the most, but do the other family members (or their attitudes) transform as well?

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Everyone in the family undergoes some form of transformation by the end of the story. Gregor changes the most physically, and even by the end he seems to resent his family less and wills himself to die in order to make their lives better.

The father changed bit by bit as the story progressed. He took a job out of necessity and found that he liked the feeling of authority his uniform gave him (even though he was just a bank messenger.)

The mother has also become a little more independent, securing a job working at home for an underwear company. She is still the weakest emotional figure, but contributing to the family shows some growth as a character.

Grete, Gregor's sister, changes the most internally. When Gregor first transforms, she takes care of him and treats him as her brother who had a temporary illness. Over time, though, she gives up on his recovery and began to ignore him. She also adds to the family economics by getting a job as a salesgirl and plans for her own future independence by learning French and shorthand.

At the end of the story Grete is thoroughly disgusted with Gregor and it is she who suggests they "try to get ride of it." This is the ultimate betrayal to Gregor, who hears her declaration and decides that she is right and that it is time to die.

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