The chapter states that in England, Simon Finch did not agree with the religious presecution of his Mehtodist brethren. He left England and traveled to Philadelphia, Jamaica, and eventually settled in Alabama. It was customary for the men in the Finch family to remain on Finch's Landing. However, when Atticus returned home after graduating from law school, he settled in Maycomb. about twenty miles from Finch's Landing. His brother, Jack Finch, was a doctor who lived away as well. It was their sister, Alexandra, who remained on Finch's Landing.
Harper Lee descirbes Maycomb as a an "old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it." The chapter tells of the customs and traditions that were practiced in her hometown in the 1930s, when she was a small child living there.