What do you know about the U.S civil rights movement?

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This question can't really be answered in so few words. Given the way it's put, I think if this is a homework question you are being asked to write what you know now, without studying. You probably know about Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. What else do you...

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This question can't really be answered in so few words. Given the way it's put, I think if this is a homework question you are being asked to write what you know now, without studying. You probably know about Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. What else do you know?
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It's a very broad question, and pretty difficult to answer in a discussion post.  You'll want to start in the early 1950s with Jim Crow segregation laws, the murder of Emmitt Till and the court decisions Brown vs. Board of Education.  The Civil Rights Movement is commonly viewed to have started then, and lasted through Martin Luther King's assassination in 1968.

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I think that you have already found out that there are some very quality thinkers who can post thoughts to your question.  You will need to enhance this by focusing your thoughts and questions to a particular topic.  There are many elements to the Civil Rights Movement that can be answered and addressed.  Being able to identify these elements out and ensuring that there is some level of focus can reveal many strong and divergent thoughts on a topic as powerful  as the Civil Rights Movement on political, social, economic, and psychological levels.  The idea of a group of people appealing for their basic rights and then how this expands into different areas of American historical and political thought is powerful.  The sociological implications are still felt today and in focusing a question along these lines, you will be able to partake in a dialogue that has helped allow America to fulfill one of its greatest promises as a nation of free and dynamic discourse.

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It 1948, President Truman signed an Executive order:

"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."

During this time period there was a lot of discrimination and segregation. Blacks and whites were still not equals. For example, blacks sat in the backs of buses, attended different schools, etc. America was very segregated.

In 1955, a man named Emmitt Till, was brutally murdered for supposedly whistling at a white woman. Two white men were acquitted by a white jury and bragged about the murder later. That same year a woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. This caused a lot of outrage. This is when the Montgomery Bus Boycott occurred. The next year buses were desegregated.

In 1964, President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibited discrimination based on sex, color, religion, or national origin.

In 1968 Martin Luther King was shot to death by James Earl Ray.

These are just a few of the things that occurred. There is so much more.

 

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It would really help if you would ask a more specific question since whole books have been written on this subject.

Some basics:

You can say that the most famous part of the Civil Rights Movement started with the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955-6.  This is the one that was started by Rosa Parks.

The next famous incident was the sit-ins and the lunch counter in Greensboro, NC by college students.

The most famous person involved in the movement was Martin Luther King, Jr.

The movement achieved its first set of goals when the 1964 Civil Rights Act was passed, banning discrimination in public accommodations.

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