What do we learn about the dwarves in the opening chapters of The Hobbit?

We learn in the opening chapters of The Hobbit that the dwarves are miners and are lively, adventuresome, and brave. They like to sing songs, have a sense of humor, and plan to go with Bilbo and Gandalf to reclaim their home, Lonely Mountain, and the treasure inside it from the dragon Smaug.

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We learn some important facts about dwarves in the opening chapters after thirteen of them show up unexpectedly at Bilbo's door, along with Gandalf.

We learn that they are miners who love treasure and are about to set out on an adventure. Smaug the dragon has taken over their home and treasure in Lonely Mountain, and they want to get both back. This will be a dangerous adventure, something highly alarming to a hobbit, but the dwarves face it bravely.

We learn that the dwarves wear hoods rather than hats, like to sing songs, and have a sense of humor—Bilbo is at first very alarmed when they spring up to do the dishes while singing a song about breaking them, but he soon finds that is joke and that they work efficiently and well.

We learn, along with Bilbo, that Thorin Oakenshield, their aristocratic leader, is very proud and won't do work like dishwashing. We learn in chapter 3 that he is perhaps too obsessed with treasure and reclaiming it, a fault that is shared a bit by the dwarves as a whole, although they are brave and good. We also find out that the dwarves are dealmakers and that they will repay Bilbo for his risk in the adventure by paying him a fourteenth of whatever they reclaim.

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