What do you call a group of people that create laws (this is in regard to the American Revolution)?

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The act of creating laws is called legislating. A group of people who legislate is called a legislature. The word originated in the 1670s from a Latin term and is a loanword from the French word législature.

During the American Revolution, a number of different bodies existed simultaneously, all with...

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The act of creating laws is called legislating. A group of people who legislate is called a legislature. The word originated in the 1670s from a Latin term and is a loanword from the French word législature.

During the American Revolution, a number of different bodies existed simultaneously, all with the responsibility of enacting laws. At the state level, following the various resolutions of independence of the individual colonies, these included bodies such as Virginia's House of Burgesses. In Massachusetts, it was the Great and General Court, which combined both legislative authority and sat as the court of final appeal, similar to the British House of Lords. In many other states, the legislative body was simply known as the assembly or the general assembly.

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There was not any particular special word for a group of people that create laws that was used during the Revolutionary War.  There are a few different words that might be the answer to your question.

Generally, a group of people that create laws is called a legislature.  That is a generic term for lawmakers.  In the colonies at the time of the Revolution, the term used for legislatures in many of the colonies was "Assembly."  Colonies had assemblies that made laws.  The legislature for the British Empire as a whole was called Parliament.

So, one of those three ought to be the answer you're looking for.

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